History of Civic Tower

A Brief History of the Civic Tower

The Ground Floor
We are in the heart of the medieval castle, under the main tower, also called "front tower", and above the old gate franca, which opened to the east, towards the city founder: Treviso, that with the creation of Castelfranco had wanted to erect a solid rampart at its extreme western border, to counter the expansionist ambitions of Padua and the Scala family.
Castelfranco, in fact throughout the Middle Ages is a frontier land, and faces over the Muson the bulwark of Padua Citadel, built a few decades later, just as the Carrara response to the initiative of the City of Treviso.
For about two centuries Castelfranco is the focus of bloody war, which they see besieged several times, and fall into the hands of the ferocious Ezzelino Romano in 1246, and then in 1329 to Cane della Scala, lord of Verona, and again in 1339 to Serenissima, which definitely will come back after a short conquest in 1380 by Carreresi.
Signs of these events still characterize the tower, as the effigies of Carrara, painted on the door flies, and then the signs of the long Venetian rule, which begins with the raising of the tower and the construction of the dome, and continue with the arrangement of the Lion winged and with the great clock, wanted by the Podesta Pietro Gradenigo in 1499.
The Civic Tower is 43 meters high and was also the heart of the so-called "Group", which you have gone through one of the courtyards raised to enter, which was a sort of castle in the castle: a defense wanted to Ezzelino Romano in 1246 to strengthen defenses and to ensure maximum safety for those in power in the city.
Looking at the tower from the outside, staying to the left in fact the highest authority in the town, while on the right there was the barracks of the garrison that guarded the gates, presided over the towers and walked the parapets. The little house that still faces the tower on the inside of the castle served as a link between the two parties.
That hatch is what remains of the trapdoor, which in the case of assault is flooded with boiling oil enemy troops. It was a hard life those of the inhabitants of the castle, so much so that the life expectancy of no more than thirty years that rarely ...

On the top floor
We are on the top floor of the Civic Tower. Above us, today, is the raising of the Civic Tower, built by the Venetians in the fourteenth century, and subjected to repeated remakes. At one time this plan was open to the outside, like the other towers, battlements and features, and it was a place to watch and sighting.
From here warriors like me scanning the horizon to see the threats coming. If you look out the windows you can see below us on either side, the walkways and guard the other side towers.
But if you look to the outside of the castle, towards Borgo Treviso, with a little 'fantasy can imagine the defensive structure of the ancient castle, which was far more complex today than you can imagine and that was done to make it more difficult the action of the assailants and therefore the use of siege engines and artillery lever, or catapults, trebuchets and ironers, which had to be kept as far away from the walls.
The moats were well wider than the current, and measured from 21 to 25 meters, which made the castle a real island crossed by drawbridges. In front of the curtain of houses that still sees and bears the name of Bastia old and new, was an artificial barrier beyond which stood an embankment and a wide range of free land, called the "circle", and finally the second moat, known as the moat of the circle, which corresponds today to the course of Musonello. In addition there was nothing, only the country, but if we look to the right catch a glimpse of the bell tower of the Parish, who, with his small village existed in Castelfranco and constitutes the core ORIGINATING.
Behind the walls, high about 17 meters wide at the base and 3, built on top of an existing embankment (in Roman times or even pre-Roman), there was the so-called "offal", which is a thick hedge of thorns, which was to further curb the momentum of the assailants.
A great war machine, which came alive whenever this tower was a cry of alarm, and that only the invention of firearms rendered useless in the end,
turning the walls into the symbol of the emerging city.

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